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What is Project Loon and how it will connect the remote areas of the world to the internet?


Google is a huge company with many creative ideas and a lot of money. They are executing their ideas one by one. Today, in the internet age you cannot survive without a google account. Most of the products from Google are a big success and apparently they are the game changers


In this article, I'm dying to tell you about a big move of google which may be a next paradigm shift. Have you ever heard of Google X? It is a secret research lab where the scientists a working like a mad person to bring science fiction into reality. It is a semi-private facility located about a half a mile from Google's headquarters, which is overseen by Sergey Brin. According to Wikipedia anyway. 

Why is it such a secret? Google X is working on a lot of projects which is not existing right at present. They are playing with fantasies. So the investors don't want their money to be expended on something which they consider not possible. They just want to maximize profit. The projects from Google X lab may become a very big success or it may draw. It is very elementary to say that, investors will not see the bigger picture.

Google Glass is one of the projects from the Google X lab, which is presently in the hands of only some people called google glass explorers and developers. I don't desire to go too much into the topic Google Glass. Let's get straight into our topic. 

One of the major research in the X Lab is Project Loon. So what is this project loon? In this world widely accepted global community is the internet, but two-third of the world's population doesn't have net access. Project loon is a network of balloon traveling on the edge of the space designed to connect people in rural and remote areas, helps fill coverage gaps, and bring people back online after disasters. According to the Project loon website. It may sound science fiction as I already said, but these people envision the big picture.

How does it connect the multitude?. These balloons float in the stratosphere, which is twice as high as airplanes and weather. They are borne around the earth by wind and they can be steered by rising or descending to an altitude with winds moving in the desired direction. People connect to the balloon network using a special internet antenna attached to their building. As the balloon communicates with each other the entire globe can link up to the internet. Each balloon can provide connectivity to earth nearly 40 km in diameter at the speed compared to 3G. 

Each of the balloons are powered with solar panels what is capable of producing 100 watts more than enough to work while saving the power for night use.
How does it move? These balloons travel around 20 kilometers above the earth's surface. Wind in these areas is generally firm and slow moving. That is between 5 and 20 miles per hour. Each stratum of wind varies in direction. Software algorithms in balloons determine where it needs to go. By moving with the wing the balloons can be arranged to form one large communication network.

The project loon pilot text began in June 2013 on the 40 the parallel south. Thirty balloons launched from New Zealand's South Island, be beamed the internet to a small group of pilot testers.

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